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Denmark in brief

Facts about Danish geography

Denmark Map

Location: Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, n a peninsula north of Germany (Jutland); also includes two major islands (Sjaelland and Fyn)

Geographic coordinates: 56 00 N, 10 00 E

Area: total: 43,094 sq km, water: 700 sq km

Includes the island of Bornholm in the Baltic Sea and the rest of metropolitan Denmark (the Jutland peninsula, and the major islands of Sjaelland and Fyn), but excludes the Faroe Islands and Greenland

Land Boundaries: total 68 km, border countries: Germany 68 km

Coastline: 7,314 km

Climate: temperate; humid and overcast; mild, windy winters and cool summers

Terrain: low and flat to gently rolling plains

Elevation extremes: Lowest point: Lammefjord -7 m, highest point: Yding Skovhøj 173 m

Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, fish, salt, limestone, stone, gravel and sand

Land use: arable land: 55.74%, permanent crops: 0.19%, other: 44.07% (1998 est.)

Environment – current issues: air pollution, principally from vehicle and power plant emissions; nitrogen and phosphorus pollution of the North Sea; drinking and surface water becoming polluted from animal wastes and pesticides


population5,500,510 (July 2009 est.)

Age structure: 0-14 years: 18.1% (male 511,882/female 485,782)
15-64 years: 65.8% (male 1,817,800/female 1,798,964)
65 years and over: 16.1% (male 387,142/female 498,940) (2009 est.)

Median age: total: 40.5 years, male: 39.6 years, female: 41.3 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate: 0.28% (2003 est.)

Birth rate: 10.54 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Death rate: 10.54 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Net migration rate: 2.48 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female, under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female, 15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female, 65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female, total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 4.34 deaths/1,000 live births, male: 4.39 deaths/1,000 live births,
female: 4.29 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 78.3 years, male: 75.96 years, female: 80.78 years (2009 est.)

Ethnic groups: Scandinavian, Inuit, Faroese, German, Turkish, Iranian, Somali

Religions: Evangelical Lutheran 95%, other Christian (includes Protestant and Roman Catholic) 3%, Muslim 2%

Languages: Danish, Faroese, Greenlandic (an Inuit dialect), German (small minority)
English is the predominant second language

Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write, total population: 100%


Country name: conventional long form: Kingdom of Denmark, conventional short form: Denmark
local short form: Danmark, local long form: Kongeriget Danmark

Government type: constitutional monarchy

Capital: Copenhagen

Administrative divisions: metropolitan Denmark – 5 regions (regioner, singular – region); Hovedstaden, Midtjylland, Nordjylland, Sjaelland, Syddanmark. (note: an extensive local government reform merged 271 municipalities into 98 and 13 counties into five regions, effective 1 January 2007
Faroe Islands and Greenland, which are part of the Kingdom of Denmark are self-governing overseas administrative divisions

Constitution: 1849 was the original constitution; there was a major overhaul 5 June 1953, allowing for a unicameral legislature and a female chief of state

Legal system: civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch: chief of state: Queen MARGRETHE II (since 14 January 1972); Heir Apparent Crown Prince FREDERIK, elder son of the monarch (born 26 May 1968)
head of government: Prime Minister Lars Løkke RASMUSSEN (since 5 April 2009)
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister and approved by Parliament
elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the monarch

Legaslative branch: unicameral Parliament or Folketing (179 seats, including 2 from Greenland and 2 from the Faroe Islands; members are elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve four-year terms)

Juridical branch: Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the monarch for life)


Economy overview: This thoroughly modern market economy features high-tech agriculture, up-to-date small-scale and corporate industry, extensive government welfare measures, an equitable distribution of income, comfortable living standards, a stable currency, a stable political system, and high dependence on foreign trade. Unemployment is low and capacity constraints limit growth potential. Denmark is a net exporter of food and energy and enjoys a comfortable balance of payments surplus. The government has been successful in meeting, and even exceeding, the economic convergence criteria for participating in the third phase (a common European currency) of the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), but so far Denmark has decided not to join 16 other EU members in the euro. Nonetheless, the Danish krone remains pegged to the euro. Denmark’s fiscal position is among the strongest in the EU. Economic growth gained momentum in 2004 and the upturn continued through 2006. After a long consumption-driven upswing, Denmark’s economy began slowing in early 2007 with the end of a housing boom. This cyclical slowdown has been exacerbated by the global financial crisis through increased borrowing costs and lower export demand, consumer confidence, and investment. The slowing global economy cut GDP by 1.2% in 2008. A major long-term issue will be the sharp decline in the ratio of workers to retirees.

GDP: $204.1 billion (2008 est.)

GDP real growth rate: -1.2% (2008 est.)

GDP per capita:$37,200 (2008 est.)

GDP – composition by sector: agriculture: 1.3%, industry: 26.1%, services: 72.6% (2008 est.)

Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2%, highest 10%: 24% (2000 est.)

2.88 million (2008 est.)

Labor force – by occupation:agriculture: 2.9%, industry: 23.8%, services: 72.7% (2005 est.)

Unemployment rate:1.8% (2008 est.)

Budget: revenues: $188.6 billion, expenditures: $176.3 billion (2008 est.)

Industries:food processing, machinery and equipment, textiles and clothing,chemical products, electronics, construction, furniture and other wood products, shipbuilding, windmills

Electricity production: 35.47 billion kWh (2001)

Electricity production by source: fossil fuel: 82.7%, hydro: 0.1%, other: 17.3% (2001)
nuclear: 0%

Oil – production: 346,200 bbl/day (2001 est.)

Oil – consumption: 218,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)

Oil – exports / imports: 332,100 bbl/day (2001), 195,000bbl/day (2001)

Oil – proved reserves: 1.23 billion bbl (37257)

Agriculture – products: barley, wheat, potatoes, sugar beets; pork, dairy products; fish

Exports: $56.3 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)

Exports – commodities: machinery and instruments, meat and meat products, dairy products, fish, chemicals, furniture, ships, windmills

Exports – partners: Germany 17.1%, Sweden 11.6%, UK 7.8%, US 6.8%, France 5.8%, Norway 5.7%, Japan 4.4% (2002)

Imports: $47.9 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)

Imports – commodities: machinery and equipment, raw materials and semimanufactures for industry, chemicals, grain and foodstuffs, consumer goods

Imports – partners: Germany 22.9%, Sweden 10.7%, UK 8.7%, Netherlands 7.8%, France 6%, Norway 4.9%, Italy 4.4% (2002)

Debt – external: $21.7 billion (2000)

Economic aid – donor: ODA, $1.63 billion (1999)

Currency: Danish krone (DKK)

Currency code: DKK

Exchange rates: Danish kroner per US dollar – 7.89 (2002), 8.32 (2001), 8.08 (2000), 6.98 (1999), 6.7 (1998)

Fiscal year: calendar year


Telephones – main lines in use: 4.785 million (1997)

Telephones – mobile cellular: 1,444,016 (1997)

Telephone system: general assessment: excellent telephone and telegraph services
domestic: buried and submarine cables and microwave radio relay form trunk network, 4 cellular mobile communications systems
international: 18 submarine fiber-optic cables linking Denmark with Norway, Sweden, Russia, Poland, Germany, Netherlands, UK, Faroe Islands, Iceland, and Canada; satellite earth stations – 6 Intelsat, 10 Eutelsat, 1 Orion, 1 Inmarsat (Blaavand-Atlantic-East); note – the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden) share the Danish earth station and the Eik, Norway, station for worldwide Inmarsat access (1997)

Radio broadcast stations: AM 2, FM 355, shortwave 0 (1998)

Television broadcast stations: 26 (plus 51 repeaters) (1998)

Internet country code: .dk

Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 13 (2000)

Internet users: 3.37 million (2002)

Getting around – Transport

Railways: total: 3,164 km

standard gauge: 2,324 km 1.435-m gauge (595 km electrified)
total includes 840 km of suburban track (2002)

Highways: total: 71,591 km paved: 71,591 km (including 880 km of expressways)
unpaved: 0 km (2000)

Waterways: 417 km

Pipelines: condensate 12 km; gas 3,892 km; oil 455 km; oil/gas/water 2 km; unknown (oil/water) 64 km (2003)

Ports and harbors: Abenra, Alborg, Arhus, Copenhagen, Esbjerg, Fredericia, Frederikshavn, Hirtshals, Kolding, Odense, Roenne (Bornholm), Vejle

Merchant marine: total: 282 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 6,714,557 GRT/8,715,716 DWT Includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Germany 1, Greenland 1, Indonesia 1, Netherlands 1, Norway 9, United Kingdom 1 (2002 est.)
ships by type: bulk 5, cargo 85, chemical tanker 29, container 77, liquefied gas 19, livestock carrier 5, petroleum tanker 28, railcar carrier 1, refrigerated cargo 12, roll on/roll off 11, short-sea passenger 6, specialized tanker 4

Airports: 104 (2002)

Airports – with paved runways: total: 28, over 3,047 m: 2, 2,438 to 3,047 m: 7, 1,524 to 2,437 m: 4, 914 to 1,523 m: 12, under 914 m: 3 (2002)

Airports – with unpaved runways: total: 76, 1,524 to 2,437 m: 1, 914 to 1,523 m: 4, under 914 m: 71 (2002)

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Published : 2. February 2011 - (Read 543 times)



about Denmark and the danes


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